Israel intensified its bombardments of the Gaza Strip on Monday after declaring war and vowing to destroy the “military and governing capabilities” of the enclave’s Hamas rulers, as Israeli soldiers fought to secure the border and dislodge Gaza gunmen from areas of southern Israel.
At least 700 people have reportedly been killed in Israel – a toll on a scale the country has not experienced in decades – and more than 400 have been killed in Gaza. Palestinian militant groups claimed to be holding more than 130 captives from the Israeli side.
More than two days after Hamas launched its unprecedented incursion out of Gaza, Israeli forces were still battling militants holed up in several locations.
As Monday began, the military said it was fighting Hamas in “seven to eight” places in southern Israel.
Military spokesman Richard Hecht said it was taking longer than expected to repel the incursion because there were still multiple breaches in the border, which Hamas could be using to bring in more fighters and weapons.
“We thought this morning we’d be in a better place,” he said.
The Israeli Defence Forces said 70 additional militants infiltrated the Be’eri kibbutz, which the military has been unable to wrest from Hamas, overnight.
Meanwhile, Israel hit more than 1,000 targets in Gaza, its military said, including air strikes that flattened much of the town of Beit Hanoun in the enclave’s north-east corner.
Israeli Rear Admiral Daniel Hagari told reporters that Hamas was using the town as a staging ground for attacks. There was no immediate word on casualties, and most of the community’s population of tens of thousands are likely to have fled beforehand.
“We will continue to attack in this way, with this force, continuously, on all gathering (places) and routes” used by Hamas, Rear Admiral Hagari said.
The declaration of war portended greater fighting ahead, and a major question was whether Israel would launch a ground assault into Gaza, a move that in the past has brought intensified casualties.
An Israeli military spokesman said the army had called up around 100,000 reservists, and said in a statement that Israel would aim to end Hamas’s rule of Gaza.
“Our task is to make sure that Hamas will no longer have any military capabilities to threaten Israel with this,” said spokesman Jonathan Conricus in a video tweeted by Israel’s military.
“And in addition to that, we will make sure that Hamas is no longer able to govern the Gaza Strip.”
After breaking through Israeli barriers with explosives at daybreak on Saturday, the Hamas gunmen rampaged for hours, gunning down civilians and snatching people in towns, along highways and at a techno music festival attended by thousands in the desert.
The rescue service Zaka said it removed about 260 bodies from the festival, and that number was expected to rise. It was not clear how many of those bodies were already included in Israel’s overall toll.
The Israeli military estimated 1,000 Hamas fighters took part in Saturday’s initial incursion.
The high figure underlined the extent of planning by the militant group ruling Gaza, which has said it launched the attack in response to mounting Palestinian suffering under Israel’s occupation and blockade of Gaza.
Hamas and the smaller Islamic Jihad group claimed to have taken more than 130 people captive from inside Israel and moved them into Gaza, saying they would be traded for the release of thousands of Palestinians imprisoned by Israel. The announcement, though unconfirmed, was the first sign of the scope of abductions.
The captives are known to include soldiers and civilians, including women, children and older adults, mostly Israelis but also some people of other nationalities. The Israeli military said only that the number of captives is “significant”.
Civilians on both sides were already paying a high price. The Israeli military was evacuating at least five towns close to Gaza, while the United Nations said more than 123,000 Gazans have been displaced by the fighting.
In Gaza, a tiny enclave of 2.3 million people sealed off by an Israeli-Egyptian blockade for 16 years since the Hamas takeover, residents feared further escalation.
As of late on Sunday, Israeli air strikes had destroyed 159 housing units across Gaza and severely damaged 1,210 others, the UN said.
The UN agency for Palestinian refugees, UNRWA, said a school sheltering more than 225 people took a direct hit. It did not say where the fire came from.
In the Palestinian city of Rafah in southern Gaza, an Israeli air strike early on Monday killed 19 people, including women and children, said Talat Barhoum, a doctor at the local Al-Najjar Hospital.
He said aircraft hit the home of the Abu Hilal family, and that one of those killed was Rafaat Abu Hilal, a leader of a local armed group. The strike caused damage to surrounding homes.
Over the weekend, another air strike on a home in Rafah killed 19 members of the Abu Outa family, including women and children, when they were huddling on the ground floor in the southern Gaza city of Rafah, survivors said.
Several Israeli media outlets, citing rescue service officials, said at least 700 people have been killed in Israel, including 73 soldiers.
The Gaza Health Ministry said 413 people, including 78 children and 41 women, were killed in the territory. Some 2,000 people have been wounded on each side.
An Israeli official said security forces have killed 400 militants and captured dozens more.
The declaration of war was largely symbolic, said Yohanan Plesner, the head of the Israel Democracy Institute think tank, but it “demonstrates that the government thinks we are entering a more lengthy, intense and significant period of war”.
Israel has carried out major military campaigns over the past four decades in Lebanon and Gaza that it portrayed as wars, but without a formal declaration.
The presence of hostages in Gaza complicates Israel’s response. Israel has a history of making heavily lopsided exchanges to bring captive Israelis home.
An Egyptian official said Israel sought help from Cairo to ensure the safety of the hostages.
Egypt also spoke with both sides about a potential ceasefire, but Israel was not open to a truce “at this stage”, according to the official.
On Sunday, the US dispatched an aircraft carrier strike group to the eastern Mediterranean to be ready to assist Israel, and said it would send additional military aid.
In northern Israel, a brief exchange of strikes with Lebanon’s Hezbollah militant group fanned fears that the fighting could expand into a wider regional war.
Hezbollah fired rockets and shells at Israeli positions in a disputed area along the border on Sunday, and Israel fired back using armed drones. The Israeli military said the situation was calm after the exchange.
Elsewhere, six Palestinians were killed in clashes with Israeli soldiers around the West Bank on Sunday.
Over the past year, Israel’s far-right government has ramped up settlement construction in the occupied West Bank. Israeli settler violence has displaced hundreds of Palestinians there, and tensions have flared around the Al-Aqsa mosque, a flashpoint Jerusalem holy site.
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