A £94 increase to the average household energy bill comes into effect on January 1 after Ofgem increased its price cap in response to rising wholesale prices.
The regulator’s price cap is rising by 5% from the current £1,834 for a typical dual fuel household to £1,928 from Monday, driven almost entirely by rising costs in the international wholesale energy market because of market instability and global events, particularly the conflict in Ukraine.
Households are urged to submit meter readings to their supplier before January 1 to ensure they are charged correctly.
Ofgem chief executive Jonathan Brearley has acknowledged that many people are currently having a “difficult time” and that “any increase in bills will be worrying”.
But he said the rise was a result of the wholesale cost of gas and electricity rising “which needs to be reflected in the price that we all pay”.
Ofgem has made it clear to suppliers that it expects them to identify and offer help to those who are struggling with bills.
The increase takes effect after the regulator unveiled plans to lift the price cap from April in order to help suppliers recover nearly £3 billion in debts from customers who cannot pay.
The watchdog is proposing a one-off price cap adjustment of £16, equivalent to around £1.33 a month, to be paid between April 2024 and March 2025, and wants energy companies to use the extra funding to support struggling customers and write off bad debts.
The energy price cap sets a limit on the maximum amount suppliers can charge households in England, Wales and Scotland for each unit of gas and electricity.
Energy in Northern Ireland is regulated separately.
The headline price cap figure is an average across households rather than an absolute cap on bills, so those that use more will pay more.
The announcement puts hopes for relief from the cost-of-living crisis on hold, and follows Chancellor Jeremy Hunt making no mention of any further help from the Government to offset household energy bills.
It comes as Citizens Advice said it was helping record numbers of households with energy debt and seeing more people than ever who cannot afford to top up their prepayment meter.
Simon Francis, co-ordinator of the End Fuel Poverty Coalition, said: “Struggling households are facing an assault from all sides. Energy bills are going up just as winter bites hard, Christmas debts have to be paid off and the ongoing wider cost-of-living crisis continues into another year.
“Ofgem needs to abolish this January price hike. The cruel impact of a change in bills at this time of year can’t be underestimated.
“Unaffordable energy prices are here to stay and even in winter 2024/25, energy bills are expected to be 60% higher than winter 2020/21. This means the UK Government needs to take much more action to help people stay warm this winter and every winter through increased support for home insulation and cheaper renewable energy.”
Warm This Winter spokeswoman Fiona Waters said: “Without additional support, it will be anything but a happy new year for people trapped in Britain’s broken energy system.
“We need to see the UK Government introduce an emergency energy tariff for vulnerable households and a help to repay scheme for those in energy debt.
“Failure to avert this cold homes crisis will lead to pressure on the NHS, a mental health catastrophe and additional winter deaths caused by living in cold damp homes.”
However, in a glimmer of hope for households, latest forecasts suggest the energy bills for the typical household will fall to £1,660 from the start of April, reflecting international gas prices dropping in recent weeks, and then to £1,590 from July before rising slightly to £1,640 from October next year.
Dr Craig Lowrey, principal consultant at Cornwall Insight, said: “Current forecasts of price cap dips later in the year may offer a small light at the end of the tunnel.
“The recent stabilisation of international energy markets has trickled down to April’s price cap predictions, raising hopes that this downward path will continue throughout the remainder of 2024.
“However, history has shown that the wholesale energy market is highly volatile, and unexpected global events can lead to spikes in energy prices, ultimately feeding through to household bills – as we saw this time last year.
“Whether concerns in the Red Sea become heightened, or another potential disruption to supply occurs, there are no guarantees the price cap will not rise again.”
Dr Lowrey added: “Ultimately, waiting and hoping that we will avoid another global incident that sends energy prices climbing is not a sustainable strategy for Government.
“To achieve substantial reductions below pre-crisis levels, we must focus on long-term strategies which increase domestic renewable energy sources and reduce our reliance on volatile imports.”
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