Finland’s much-delayed and costly new nuclear reactor, Europe’s most powerful by production capacity, has completed a year-long test phase and started regular output, boosting the country’s electricity self-sufficiency.
The Olkiluoto 3 reactor, which has 1,600-megawatt capacity, was connected into the Finnish national power grid in March 2022 and began regular production on Sunday.
Operator Teollisuuden Voima, or TVO, tweeted that “Olkiluoto 3 is now ready” after a delay of 14 years from the original plan.
It will help Finland to achieve its carbon neutrality targets and increase energy security at a time when European countries have cut oil, gas and other power supplies from Russia, Finland’s neighbour.
“The production of Olkiluoto 3 stabilises the price of electricity and plays an important role in the Finnish green transition,” said TVO president and chief executive Jarmo Tanhua in a statement.
The company added that “the electricity production volume of Europe’s largest nuclear power plant unit is a significant addition to clean, domestic production”.
Construction of Olkiluoto 3 began in 2005 and was to be completed four years later. However, the project was plagued by several technological problems that led to lawsuits. The last time a new nuclear reactor was commissioned in Finland was more than 40 years ago.
The Olkiluoto 3 is western Europe’s first new reactor in more than 15 years. It is the first new-generation EPR, or European Pressurised Reactor, plant to have gone online in Europe. It was developed in a joint venture between France’s Areva and Germany’s Siemens.
The launch of the Finnish reactor coincides with Germany’s move to shut down its last remaining three nuclear plants on Saturday.
Experts have put Olkiluoto 3’s final price tag at some 11 billion euros (£9.6 billion) — almost three times what was initially estimated. Finland now has five nuclear reactors in two power plants located on the shores of the Baltic Sea. Combined, they cover more than 40% of the nation’s electricity demand.
The conservative National Coalition Party (NCP) which won Finland’s April 2 general election, wants to increase the share of energy that the country of 5.5 million gets from nuclear power still further.
NCP leader Petteri Orpo, Finland’s likely new prime minister, said during the election campaign that the new Cabinet should make nuclear power “the cornerstone of the government’s energy policy”.