MPs voted 340 to 256 in favour of the Brexit legislation, which enables the UK to break international law.
The Scottish Government will ask Holyrood next month to formally withhold consent to the Internal Market Bill.
Health Secretary Jeane Freeman says increased measures may be needed to 'avoid another full-scale lockdown'.
The advocate general for Scotland, Lord Keen, has reportedly offered his resignation letter to Boris Johnson.
Scottish Government analysis found extending the scheme until next June would bring major economic benefits.
The controversial legislation which breaches international law cleared its first Commons hurdle by 340 to 263.
The post-Brexit Internal Market Bill is an 'abomination' and a 'naked power grab', Nicola Sturgeon said.
Brandon Lewis told MPs the law-breaking would be done in 'a very specific and limited way'.
UK transport secretary Grant Shapps made the claim but the Scottish Government defended its decision.
The Scottish Tories say £62bn in fiscal transfers have gone from Westminster to Holyrood since 2007.
Nicola Sturgeon's remarks come amid a new UK Government bid in England to get workers back into offices.
The annual Government Expenditure and Revenue Scotland report covers the last tax year up to March, when the pandemic hit.
If candidate is proven effective, frontline health and social care workers could be vaccinated next summer.
Nurses and other NHS workers say being left out of a pay rise for doctors and dentists is a 'slap in the face'.
Scottish Government says money is intended to support sector while a restart date for performances remains unknown.
The UK is one of Russia's 'top targets' in the West for cyber warfare and money laundering, report finds.
Half-price meals will run at participating restaurants from Mondays to Wednesdays next month.
Museums, galleries, theatres, cinemas, music venues and heritage sites will receive £97m in Scotland.
Finance secretary writes to Chancellor Rishi Sunak ahead of his economic update on Wednesday.
Scottish Government’s constitution secretary expresses concerns in letter to Cabinet Office Minister Michael Gove.