The First Minister made the commitment as she addressed the National Economic Forum.
Tech 'unicorns' in Glasgow, Edinburgh and Motherwell identified as fast-growing companies.
New financial report finds businesses are taking on more staff for the first time since January 2020
Some 9% of firms said they expected to reduce staffing levels in the next year, compared to 20% of firms in March.
Accountancy firm KPMG finds investment in fast-growth Scottish businesses slowed in the first quarter of 2021.
The company which runs department and Waitrose stores said "there is no getting away" from the decision.
Some food and drink companies have seen their income shrink by as much as half.