The Finance Secretary is supporting a bill for free sanitary products in public buildings.
Chancellor Rishi Sunak will deliver his first UK Budget later amid calls for additional support and measures to tackle Covid-19.
MSPs backed it by 65 votes to 54 following the £158m SNP-Green Budget deal struck on Wednesday.
Derek Mackay will publish his draft spending plans on February 6, prior to the UK Budget on March 11.
A report found Scottish Government funding to councils has dropped significantly.