Wildflowers moving north as climate changes, survey shows

Conservationists are calling for land to be managed to make space for plants.

Wildflowers: The data is collected by volunteers. Trevor Dines/Plantlife
Wildflowers: The data is collected by volunteers.

Wildflowers are moving northwards as temperatures rise, prompting calls to manage landscapes to make space for plants in the face of climate change.

Results from the first five years of the government-funded National Plant Monitoring Scheme, using data from 15,000 surveys by volunteer citizen scientists, already shows the impact of a warming world on the UK’s plants.

The data reveals that plants such as wild orchids are expanding their range northwards, experts said.

The National Plant Monitoring Scheme looks at 30 different habitats, from woodland and hedgerows to blanket bogs and streams, with around 30 wild flowers to search for in each type of place.

ADVERT

Data is collected by volunteers, co-ordinated by wildlife charity Plantlife and analysed by botanists from a range of organisations led by the UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH).

Beautiful: Bee orchids have been found in Scotland.

Bee orchids were not previously found in Scotland, but volunteers have discovered the plants, whose flowers resemble a bee’s backside, at several sites around Glasgow and Edinburgh.

Other specialist plants are moving outside their usual range, including mossy stonecrop, a succulent once only found in the New Forest and East Anglia, which is spreading to sandy habitats in Scotland.

There are also concerns about the threat and extinction risk to plants which have no further to go, for example Arctic and alpine species which cannot go further up the mountains, such as Highland saxifrage.

Mossy stonecrop: The succulent is spreading to sandy habitats in Scotland.
ADVERT

And the increased risk of drought due to climate change puts many smaller, short-lived species at risk, with fairy flax, yellow-wort, soft brome and common mouse-ear suffering from heat and lack of water in 2018’s drought.

But the results from the monitoring scheme also show a rise in species able to cope with drought.

These include salad burnet, a dark crimson flower found in old hay meadows, which has a longer root so it can reach down to moist soil, and wild thyme, which managed water loss with its tiny leaves.

The analysis also reveals the impact of nitrogen pollution, with nitrogen-hungry stinging nettles the most frequently recorded native species in woodlands.

Climate change: The temperatures are rising.

Dr Trevor Dines, Plantlife’s botanical specialist, said experts had previously thought that it would “take an awful lot” for plants to start moving northwards because their dispersal is very slow.

“To actually start seeing that now, coming through so strongly, is a real wake-up call,” he said.

“It proves to us that climate change is having a real impact.”

ADVERT

He said tackling climate change is about making the landscape as permeable as possible so things can move around, by creating habitat where flowers can bloom and setting as much seed as possible through grazing animals and hay cutting at the right time of year.

Road verges, which are corridors through the landscape, should not be subject to repeated mowing, while moving livestock, machinery and distributing wildflower-rich hay can all move seed around the landscape, he said.

And while rewilding can play a part on a small scale, Dr Dines said agri-environment schemes could be used to get habitat management in place to suit wildflowers on as wide a scale as possible.


Sturgeon: Omicron variant may lead to further Covid restrictions

The First Minister also said it is 'likely' cases of the new strain of coronavirus will be detected in Scotland.

Pool/Pool via Getty Images

By Rachel Guy and Polly Bartlett

Nicola Sturgeon has said it would be “foolish to 100% rule out” any further Covid restrictions ahead of the festive season amid the spread of the Omicron variant.

The First Minister spoke out as new travel restrictions were imposed by the UK Government after two cases of the new Covid-19 strain were confirmed in England.

Scotland will also impose the travel restrictions, which will see all passengers arriving in the UK required to take a PCR test and remain in isolation until they receive a negative result. The rule will apply to everyone, regardless of their vaccination status.

ADVERT

Speaking to STV News on Sunday, Sturgeon said: “I really hope we don’t have to reintroduce any further restrictions on people’s ability to live life freely, in particularly on the run-up to the festive season.

“We had a horrible situation last year over the festive season where people were really restricted.

“We all want a much more normal Christmas but we also want a safe Christmas and we want a brighter new year as well, so I hope none of that will be necessary.

“However it’s a foolish leader – a really foolish leader – who stands in the face of a pandemic of an infectious and mutating virus and says that they can absolutely 100% rule anything out because that would be putting the desire to be popular ahead of the duty to keep the country safe.

ADVERT

“My duty, one I take very seriously, is to do what is required to keep the country safe.

‘It’s a foolish leader – a really foolish leader – who stands in the face of a pandemic of an infectious and mutating virus and says that they can absolutely 100% rule anything out because that would be putting the desire to be popular ahead of the duty to keep the country safe.’

First Minister Nicola Sturgeon

“I hope in the days to come, the news about this new variant will prove to be less negative and pessimistic as it has appeared over these past couple of days but we will have to wait and see.”

On Saturday, the Prime Minister warned the strain could reduce the effectiveness of vaccines as he announced a strengthening of England’s rules after the infections were identified in Nottingham and Essex.

STV News
The Prime Minister warned the strain could reduce the effectiveness of vaccines.

Sturgeon added: “There have been no cases identified in Scotland so far and as far as I’m aware we have stepped up our surveillance and are making sure we are monitoring this and being very, very vigilant.

“I think it is likely, not definite and hopefully I’m wrong about this, but it’s likely we will see cases in Scotland.

“What I’m asking people across Scotland to do right now, on a precautionary basis, is behave as if this new variant is already here and circulating potentially amongst us.”


Schools to close for two days after area badly hit by Storm Arwen

Aberdeenshire Council confirmed on Sunday that schools in the area would close to both pupils and staff.

mrdoomits via IStock
Closure: Aberdeenshire schools to close for two days following Storm Arwen.

Schools in Aberdeenshire are set to close on Monday and Tuesday after the area was badly hit by Storm Arwen.  

Aberdeenshire Council confirmed on Sunday evening that schools in the area would close to both pupils and staff due to the ongoing weather issues. 

Angus Council later announced that 11 primary schools would close on Monday due to power failures or building safety issues.

NHS Grampian said that vaccination centres in Aberdeenshire would close on Monday and urged patients to rearrange appointments. 

ADVERT

Meanwhile thousands of homes are facing the prospect of a third night without power, with water supplies also affected by the storm. 

Scottish Water said around 3000 homes were still without water supplies, with the company adding it was handing out bottled water to affected customers. 

Energy firm SSE said it may take “several days” before power is fully restored to homes, adding the damage caused by Storm Arwen was ‘three times greater’ than the Beast from the East in 2018.

The company urged people to make alternative arrangements as work continued to restore power, adding that vulnerable customers can contact 105 for assistance. 

ADVERT

Mark Rough from SSE, said: “Our teams are responding to some of the most significant and challenging conditions experienced in the areas affected in decades, with catastrophic damage on several overhead circuits due to multiple instances of damage which need to be repaired before power can be restored.  

“We do expect to make good progress today and restore power to significant numbers of customers who remain off supply.  

“However, as it is likely to take several days before each and every customer is restored and the network is back to normal operations, we are this morning giving advance notice to customers who remain off supply, particularly those in rural and isolated communities, that it may take several days before power is restored.  

“Those customers may therefore want to consider making alternative arrangements where possible.”

On Saturday night, SSE urged customers who are without power for a second night to ‘order a takeaway’ on them.

The energy company made the offer as tens of thousands of homes faced the prospect of a second night without electricity.

Spokesman Greg Clarke said: “We would encourage customers who are off supply to get themselves a takeaway, keep the receipt and we will look to reimburse them in full as a result of the fact that they are without power.”

ADVERT

On Sunday, the deputy first minister chaired a meeting of the Scottish Government’s Resilience Room on the impact of Storm Arwen.

John Swinney said that recovery from the storm would be more challenging than first anticipated.

Swinney said: “The scale of the damage caused by Storm Arwen is worse than we first feared and as a result our recovery will take longer than anticipated.

“We know this will create significant challenges for communities and households still affected by the storm’s impacts and I want to reassure them we are doing everything we can, liaising with local resilience partnerships, to focus efforts and resources. 

“We have been working closely and at pace with power companies who are maximising efforts to restore services to households currently without power. Plans are being put in place for further assistance to respond to the longer than expected recovery and we are concentrating getting power restored for vulnerable people and those who need it most.

“In extremely challenging circumstances we have seen an outstanding response from local resilience partnerships who have been providing vital support to local residents and I would like to thank them for their continuing efforts.”


Body discovered inside property following house fire

Emergency crews were called to the blaze in Keith, Moray on Sunday afternoon around 3.35pm.

JohnFScott via IStock
Fire: Body found following blaze.

A person has died following a house fire in Moray. 

Emergency services were called to the property on Union Street in Keith on Sunday around 3.35pm.

Firefighters extinguished the blaze however a body was discovered within the property. 

Enquiries into the death are ongoing, police said.

ADVERT

A Police Scotland spokesperson said: “We were made aware of a fire at a property on Union Street in Keith around 3.35pm on Sunday, November 28.

“The fire has been extinguished by the fire service but sadly a body of a person was found within.

“Enquiries are ongoing and a report will be submitted to the Procurator Fiscal in due course.”


Snow and ice warning for Scotland in aftermath of Storm Arwen

The Met Office has warned of a risk of 'wintry showers and icy stretches' for most of the country.

Carlos G. Lopez via Getty Images
Wintry weather: Scotland to expect ice and snow.

Scotland is experiencing freezing conditions in the aftermath of Storm Arwen which wreaked havoc across much of the UK.

A yellow warning for snow and ice remains in place until mid-morning on Sunday for the majority of the country.

The Met Office has warned of a risk of “wintry showers and icy stretches”.

Officials said it would be a cold and frosty start to the day, with showers affecting eastern coastal areas.

ADVERT

The Met Office said: “Wintry showers will continue into Sunday around northern and eastern Scotland and the eastern side of England.

“These showers will fall as snow on hills and a mix of rain, sleet and snow to lower levels. Further small snow accumulations are possible.

“These showers, as well as existing lying snow, will cause also icy stretches.

“Meanwhile, during the early hours of Sunday and Sunday morning some more widespread snow will move southwards across Scotland into northwest England.

ADVERT

“This snow will probably only last for an hour or two, but is likely to produce further, small accumulations of snow.”

The warning comes after Storm Arwen saw transport disrupted, power cuts and damage to buildings across Scotland.

The extreme weather claimed a total of three lives as it swept through the UK over the weekend.


SNP set to bring motion of censure against Boris Johnson

SNP Westminster leader Ian Blackford said his party would use the opposition time to do so in the Commons on Tuesday.

Paul Ellis via Getty Images
SNP insist the Prime Minister must be held to account for his 'disastrous actions'.

The SNP is to bring a motion of censure against Boris Johnson, insisting the Prime Minister must be held to account for his “disastrous actions”.

SNP Westminster leader Ian Blackford said his party would use opposition time in the Commons on Tuesday to put down a motion of censure.

He revealed the move as he criticised the “chaotic governance” within Downing Street that he said was both “damaging and dangerous”.

With this taking place in the midst of the global coronavirus pandemic, Blackford told the SNP annual conference: “That would be bad enough in normal times, but it is unforgivable in the middle of a pandemic.”

Jeff J Mitchell via Getty Images
SNP Westminster leader Ian Blackford.
ADVERT

Referring to the Prime Minister’s speech to the CBI, where Johnson spoke of his trip to Peppa Pig World, the SNP MP claimed the Tory leader was becoming “deeper and deeper out of his depth”.

Blackford, who addressed the virtual conference from his home in Skye, stated: “It was previously said that the Prime Minister’s office was no place for a novice.

“Well, I can tell you it is no place for a negligent either.”

He added: “In the absence of actions from others in holding this Prime Minister to account, it is once again our job as the Scottish National Party to act as the real opposition.

ADVERT

“On Tuesday, the SNP will use our opposition day to put down a motion of censure against this Prime Minister.

“Because unless this Prime Minister is censured, unless he faces consequences for his disastrous actions, he won’t just think he’s gotten away with the mess he has made of the last few months, he will think he can do it all over again.”

His comments came as he sought to contrast Johnson’s government in London with the Scottish Government that Nicola Sturgeon heads.

Sturgeon, the SNP leader and Scottish First Minister, showed “mature, measured, and thoughtful leadership” at the recent Cop26 climate change conference in Glasgow, Mr Blackford said.

However, he said Johnson had produced an “omnibus of omnishambles” while in charge at Westminster.

Blackford went on to accuse the Tories of “deliberate corruption”, saying in Johnson’s time as PM there had been “a cash for honours scandal, a cash for contracts scandal, a text for tax breaks scandal” and even a “cash for curtains scandal”.

The SNP Westminster leader insisted: “Scotland must have the chance to escape that crippling corruption.

ADVERT

“Because with independence we can do so much better than this. ”

Since the 2014 independence referendum – in which Scots voted to stay part of the UK – he said “the stability of the status quo, the stability of the United Kingdom, has systematically fallen apart”.

Blackford added: “For years now, what we are experiencing is a United Kingdom in constant crisis.”

In contrast to this, he argued: “Independence is now the pathway to safety and stability – it offers an escape from the constant crisis of Westminster control.

“Built on the solid foundations of our own democratic decisions, independence offers the opportunity to build the post-pandemic future we all wish to see.

“The chance to build a new Scotland that finally takes its natural place amongst the nations of the world.”

That independent Scotland is “within our grasp”, he told SNP supporters, insisting that Johnson “cannot deny democracy” and continue to block a second vote on the future of the UK

Following the party’s election victory in May’s Scottish Parliament elections, Blackford insisted: “The democratic right to a referendum is secure and our First Minister will lead us through that campaign.

“Our independence movement has faced a long road, but journey’s end is now in sight.”


Christmas light festival cancelled after electrical fault detected

Police cordoned off Market Square in Stonehaven on Sunday afternoon as a safety precaution.

© Google Maps 2020
Cancelled: Stonehaven's light festival was due to take place on Sunday.

A Christmas light festival has been cancelled after an underground cable fault was detected in Aberdeenshire. 

Police have cordoned off Market Square in Stonehaven on Sunday afternoon as a safety precaution.

It is understood that dogs have been injured by the fault. 

The switch on event, which was due to take place on Sunday, has been cancelled at the request of the police. 

ADVERT

A Police Scotland spokesperson said: “Officers are currently in attendance at Market Square in Stonehaven following concerns raised about the electricity network in the area.

“The area has been evacuated as a precaution and nobody has been injured.

“SSE Networks has been made aware.”


Waiting time for Covid booster ‘likely to be reduced’ in Scotland

Linda Bauld said speeding up the waiting time to a five-month wait would be 'proportionate' in the wake of the new variant.

Geber86 via IStock
The public health professor also said vaccinating children aged five to 12 would be a 'reasonable next step'.

Reducing the gap between Covid vaccinations and the booster jag is likely to happen in Scotland, a public health expert has said.

According to the current NHS Scotland advice, the coronavirus booster should be given at least six months (24 weeks) after the date of the second vaccine dose.

Linda Bauld, a professor in public health at the University of Edinburgh, said speeding up the waiting time for the booster to a five-month wait would be “proportionate” in the wake of new variant Omicron being discovered in the UK.

Speaking on the BBC’s The Sunday Show, Ms Bauld said: “If you look at the data from the Pfizer trial, and other countries, reducing it from six to five months seems to be proportionate.

ADVERT

“I think we will hear that very soon.”

She added: “Israel and other countries are just boosting all adults, it’s not age stratified.

“You start with the most vulnerable but then you boost all adults who are eligible.

“That may be what happens here and we will at least go down to the 30s, probably below.”

ADVERT

The public health professor also said vaccinating children aged five to 12 would be a “reasonable next step”.

Currently, the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) recommends only those over 12 are offered a jab in the UK.

The US, however, has started to offer it to younger age groups.

“There are many parents who are asking for that (children’s vaccinations),” Ms Bauld said.

“We will have more world data in due course, and JCVI has been very cautious on teenage and young people vaccination, but that does seem to me like a real potential future step.”

Larry Flanagan, general secretary of the EIS, Scotland’s biggest teaching union, said children over the age of five should be offered a Covid-19 vaccination to tackle the spread of the virus in schools.

Earlier this week, he said: “We are in favour of young people being offered that vaccine and we’ve said so at Serg (Scottish Education Recovery Group).

ADVERT

“I was surprised to discover at Serg that there is apparently no licensed vaccines by age group in the UK at the moment, although clearly the USA have started vaccinating that particular group.

“Hopefully, there’s some work going on to make sure that a decision is taken to allow that age group to be vaccinated.”


Cruise ships set to arrive at £350m expanded harbour next year

The Aberdeen Harbour project has been delayed by the pandemic and the main contractor pulling out.

STV News
Aberdeen Harbour is being made larger and deeper to attract bigger ships.

The first ships are on course to arrive at a £350m expanded harbour within the next year following months of delays.

Aberdeen Harbour is being made larger and deeper in a bid to attract cruise ships and support renewable energy projects.

The largest ongoing marine project in the UK was due to be completed by August 2020, but was hit hard by the Covid-19 pandemic and its main contractor quitting.

Bosses now believe the first larger ships will be able to dock at the expanded harbour, just south of Nigg Bay, by October 2022.

ADVERT

Aberdeen Harbour chief executive Bob Sanguinetti told STV News: “The project is going very well. We expect to see the first ships coming in and out of the harbour by October next year. 

“The majority, if not all, the works that are marine-related and weather-dependent are pretty much complete and we’re now focusing on the land side of the project.” 

Constructed around the corner from Aberdeen’s existing harbour, the site is the equivalent to the size of 11 football pitches.

Around 200 workers are currently on the site, which includes a towering wave wall, fortified by thousands of 36-tonne man-made blocks to absorb energy.

ADVERT

Project manager Keith Young said: “It’s been a pretty tough time for everybody, but the people on site and those behind the scenes have meant we’ve got to this point. 

“We know we’ve got still hard work ahead of us, but we’re in a good place here and hopefully that will continue.”


Independence ‘offers escape from constant crisis at Westminster’

The SNP's Westminster leader Ian Blackford says the Tory government is 'engulfed in sleaze, cronyism and corruption'.

Jeff J Mitchell via Getty Images
Blackford: SNP Westminster leader to address party conference.

Scotland should choose independence to “escape the constant crisis of Westminster control”, Ian Blackford will say.

The SNP’s leader at Westminster is expected to tell his party conference that the Tory Government is “engulfed in sleaze, cronyism and corruption” and veers from one crisis to another.

Claiming independence is “within our grasp”, Blackford will argue leaving the United Kingdom “is now the pathway to safety and stability”.

In his virtual speech on the third day of the SNP conference, the MP for Ross, Skye and Lochaber will say: “For years now, what we are experiencing is a United Kingdom in constant crisis.

ADVERT

“And it’s a crisis that comes with a real cost.

“The cost of Tory austerity cuts, the soaring cost of Brexit, the cost of a Westminster Government engulfed in sleaze, cronyism and corruption.

“The cost of having a man like Boris Johnson as Prime Minister.

“Those are now the crises of the United Kingdom – and they are the costs we pay for being part of this union.

ADVERT

“Independence is now the pathway to safety and stability – it offers an escape from the constant crisis of Westminster control.

“Built on the solid foundations of our own democratic decisions, independence offers the opportunity to build the post-pandemic future we all wish to see.

“The chance to build a new Scotland that finally takes its natural place amongst the nations of the world.”


You're up to date

You've read today's top stories. Where would you like to go next?