This article will not be updated again until Wednesday, August 19.
On March 1, 2020, the first case of coronavirus in Scotland was confirmed.
As cases began to climb, the deaths began, with the first in Scotland confirmed in the Lothian area on March 13.
Society has been transformed by the global Covid-19 pandemic and the measures put in place to control the disease.
Here, we take a look at the statistics which show how the virus has spread throughout the country.
Covid-19 deaths in Scotland
There are two different sets of figures tallying coronavirus deaths in Scotland, which can be confusing.
Every day, the Scottish Government publishes figures on deaths produced by Health Protection Scotland (HPS).
These only include confirmed Covid-19 cases – in other words, they had a test and tested positive.
Every week, National Records of Scotland (NRS) publishes the numbers of everyone who has died with Covid-19 cited on their death certificate – including both confirmed and suspected cases.
As of Sunday, July 26, a total of 4201 deaths had occurred involving Covid-19.
In order to arrive at the most up-to-date total possible, STV combines the weekly figures with the most recent daily figures. This only produces a minimum, not exact death toll, as it does not include all suspected cases.
NB: Registrations of deaths with NRS can be up to eight days after actual date of death.
Deaths recorded by HPS tend to fall over the weekend due to under-reporting.
Covid-19 cases in Scotland
Confirmed cases of coronavirus in Scotland quickly rose as the pandemic spread in March and April.
Now, new daily cases are also down from an average of 315 in the first full week of April to 18 in the week ending August 2.
However, they did rise over the course of July from a low of nine in the week ending July 9.
While these figures represent real trends, they are believed to be an underestimate of the true number of infectious people in Scotland.
NB: From June 15, thousands of new cases were added to the official figures from UK Government-managed drive-through test centres.
Case data before that only counted results from NHS labs, therefore it is no longer included in our cumulative graph.
The Scottish Government began in April giving figures on how many people hospitalised with coronavirus have been able to go home since the pandemic began.
Since March 5, more than 4100 confirmed Covid-19 patients have been discharged from hospitals around Scotland to continue their recovery.
Hospital and ICU admissions
Throughout the course of the pandemic, Health Protection Scotland has published numbers of confirmed and suspected coronavirus cases in Scottish hospitals and intensive care (ICU) or a high dependency units (HDU).
However, Nicola Stugeon said the numbers had become skewed by artificially high suspected cases when Covid testing became routine for all elderly hospital patients at the end of April.
Patients waiting on coronavirus test results are classified as suspected regardless of if they had symptoms.
From July 22, the statistics from hospitals and ICUs only refer to confirmed Covid-19 patients.
The older figures which combined both confirmed and suspected coronavirus cases show a peak in Scotland’s ICUs on April 12, with 221 admissions.
The highest number of patients in Scottish hospitals overall occurred on April 21, when 1866 people were being treated for confirmed or suspected cases of the virus.
Hospital and ICU admissions for confirmed or suspected Covid-19: March 18 – July 21
The Scottish Government says a policy of test, trace, isolate – dubbed “test and protect” – will be crucial as lockdown restrictions begin to ease and officials attempt to prevent a second wave of Covid-19.
In March, policy in Scotland and the UK turned away from testing every suspected case, against the advice of the World Health Organisation.How will Scotland’s coronavirus test-and-trace system work?
But that has changed again as of May 28: anyone who develops Covid-19 symptoms – a cough, a fever or a loss of smell or taste – should immediately book a test.
The Scottish Government has been ramping up mass testing and claims the country now has total testing capacity of 15,500 per day, combining NHS labs and the UK Government-managed Lighthouse super-lab in Glasgow.
NB: From July 8, figures from home tests and from within the social care sector that had previously not been included were added to the totals but not backdated.
This resulted in a spike in daily tests figures in subsequent days.
Covid-19 cases by health board
The most confirmed Covid-19 cases in Scotland are in the NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde area, with nearly 5000.
The least amount of confirmed cases are on the Western Isles (seven) and Orkney (nine).
Deaths by health board
There have been 1333 deaths of confirmed or suspected Covid-19 cases in the Greater Glasgow and Clyde area, followed by Lothian on 727 and Lanarkshire on 585.
NHS Western Isles has recorded zero deaths so far, while there have been two on Orkney and seven in the Shetland Islands.
Death rate per 10,000 of population
In June, the National Records of Scotland began publishing new data giving the age-standardised death rates in health board areas.
They are considered more accurate than crude death rates where deaths and population size are measured against each other.
Instead, age-standardised death rates adjust for age demographics in the population, for example, if there are more older people or more younger people within the population compared to others.
Between March and June, the Greater Glasgow and Clyde region had the highest death rate, with 39 deaths per 10,000 – or around four people per thousand succumbing to the virus.
Lanarkshire, Lothian, Forth Valley and Tayside had an age-standardised Covid death rate of 20 per 10,000 or higher.
Covid-19 deaths by setting
A total of 47% of all coronavirus-linked deaths have occurred in care homes.
They account for fractionally more deaths than in hospitals (46%), while fewer than one in ten (7%) died at home, a non-institutional setting or another institutional setting.
Covid-19 deaths by council area
West Dunbartonshire has the highest age-standardised death rate in the country, with a rate of nearly five residents per 1000, or 47 per 10,000, dying with the virus.
Other local authority areas with high death rates – typically ones with urban populations and substantial pockets of poverty – include Glasgow, Midlothian, Inverclyde and Dundee.
Ten highest death rates per 10,000
Remote and rural areas typically had the lowest age-standardised death rates, with a rate of six deaths per 10,000 in both Highland council area and Moray, and seven in Dumfries and Galloway
In Shetland, where there have been seven deaths, Orkney, with two deaths, and Western Isles, where there have been zero, no death rate has been calculated.
In terms of sheer numbers, a total of 648 Glasgow residents have died with confirmed or suspected Covid-19 – the highest in Scotland – with 427 in Edinburgh.
There have been been at least 100 deaths reported in 18 of Scotland’s 32 local authority areas.
Covid-19 deaths by age and gender
More than three quarters of coronavirus-linked deaths (77%) in Scotland are of people over 75.
Of that age group, 54% of deaths are women, rising to 61% in the over-85s category, which reflects the fact the elderly population has more women than men.
Overall, there is a 50/50 split between men and women in terms of the proportion of Covid-19 deaths, with slightly more women dying (2113 to 2088 men).
But among people aged 45 to 74, nearly twice as many men as women have died (63% to 37%).
A total of 28 people aged 15 to 44 have died with confirmed or suspected coronavirus in Scotland so far – 14 male and 14 female.