New regulations are to be introduced to ensure that all new homes use renewable or low-carbon heating from 2024.
The move by the Scottish Government will set out to cut emissions from buildings to, or close to, zero.
Renewable and low-carbon heating systems will also be phased in for non-domestic buildings given consent to build from 2024.
The project will run alongside a £30m investment in renewable heat projects by the Scottish Government.
Scotland’s Energy Minister Paul Wheelhouse said new homes and buildings will meet the challenge of tackling the climate crisis.
“Scotland is internationally recognised for its leadership on tackling climate change and for responding to the global climate emergency by setting an ambitious target to reach ‘net zero’ emissions by 2045,” he said.
“We have also set a challenging interim target of achieving a 75% reduction in emissions by 2030.
“It’s becoming increasingly clear that the pace of decarbonising Scotland’s domestic and non-domestic buildings has to increase significantly to achieve those aims, and emissions from our buildings will have to fall close to zero.
“We will ensure that new homes and buildings across Scotland meet the challenge of the climate emergency, combining the action we need to take on climate change with our ambition to provide affordable, warm homes.”