What happens next? Examining the future after Brexit vote

While Scotland voted to remain in the EU, the UK as a whole voted in favour to leave.

David Cameron: The Prime Minister announces his resignation. <strong>PA</strong>
David Cameron: The Prime Minister announces his resignation. PA

Now it has officially been announced Britain is leaving the European Union, voting 51.9% to 48.1% in favour, negotiations over the terms of the country’s exit will take place.

Article 50 of the 2007 Lisbon Treaty envisages a two-year negotiation to draw up a withdrawal agreement.

If no deal is reached and any of the other 27 states block an extension of talks, the EU treaties simply cease to apply to the state in question at the end of the period.

This would leave Britain to operate under international rules set by bodies such as the World Trade Organisation (WTO).

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Mr Cameron previously said he would kick off the withdrawal process immediately but he is now leaving this decision to his successor.

Tory minister and Leave campaigner Andrea Leadsom said Britain could negotiate a bilateral agreement with a “presumption of continuity” of free trade.

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn called for article to be acted upon immediately but Boris Johnson said there was “no rush” to do so.

The value of the pound plummeted to its lowest level in 31 years as the Leave campaign began to look the likely victors.

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Sterling fell to a three-decade low after the news Britain voted to leave and in early trading shares for banks including RBS saw double-digit falls.

The value of Brent crude also fell below $48 a barrel on Friday morning.

The markets are expected to remain volatile. Soon after opening, more than £100bn was wiped off the FTSE 100 Index and the pound crashed against the dollar.

The Bank of England is ready to offer £250bn to support the markets with contingency plans in place, according to governor Mark Carney.

Chancellor George Osborne has discussed possibly suspending trading on the London Stock Exchange in the event that Brexit triggers a “Black Friday” crash.

On the steps of Downing Street shortly after 8am, David Cameron said: “I will do everything I can as Prime Minister to steady the ship over the coming weeks and months but I do not think it would be right for me to try to be the captain that steers our country to its next destination.

“This is not a decision I’ve taken lightly but I do believe it’s in the national interest to have a period of stability and then the new leadership required.

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“There is no need for a precise timetable today but in my view we should aim to have a new Prime Minister in place by the start of the Conservative Party conference in October.

“Delivering stability will be important and I will continue in post as Prime Minister with my Cabinet for the next three months.”

Bookmakers have made Leave campaigner Boris Johnson their favourite to take over from Mr Cameron and have also listed Michael Gove, Theresa May, George Osborne, Stephen Crabb and current Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson among the front-runners.

Those who wish to stand must attract at least 41 nominations from their colleagues. If more than two candidates stand then an internal election among Conservative MPs will take place to narrow the contest down to only two candidates.

Ordinary Conservative members will then vote on who will lead the party out of the final two candidates.

Every area in Scotland voted to stay in the EU, with the overall figure 62% to 38%, and former First Minister Alex Salmond said he was “quite certain Nicola Sturgeon will implement the manifesto” for “indyref2”.

Ms Sturgeon made a public statement – holding off until after a similar press conference from Boris Johnson, Michael Gove and Gisela Stuart – to respond to the outcome from both Scotland and Britain.

The First Minister said it was her job to act responsibly for the people of Scotland and set out immediate priorities before a meeting of the cabinet scheduled for Saturday morning.

Nicola Sturgeon said a second independence vote is “highly likely”.

She said: “Unfortunately, yesterday’s result in Scotland was not echoed across the UK. It remains my passionate belief that it is better for all parts of the UK to remain in the EU.

“There is no doubt that yesterday’s result represents a significant and material change. My job now is to act in the interests of all in Scotland. The Cabinet will meet tomorrow morning to discuss our next steps in detail.”

There will be questions about the future of other areas, with the Spanish government already calling for shared sovereignty over Gibraltar, which voted 95.9% in favour of Remain.

Meanwhile, the Turkish press were reporting that their own country’s negotiations in entering the European Union, which began in 2005, could be put into jeopardy because of Britain’s decision.

Headlines in America and around the world reflected the unexpected result of the referendum with the New York Times saying “British Stun World” with the Sydney Morning Herald questioning “Anarchy in the UK?”.

Last night’s result also raises profound questions about the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.

Under the Common Travel Area, nationals from the Ireland and the UK can travel and live in either country without immigration controls.

The Irish Times reported on Sinn Fein’s calls during the night for a vote on the unification of Ireland after Northern Ireland, like Scotland, voted to remain.

According to The Journal: “Under the Good Friday Agreement, the Northern Ireland Secretary can initiate a poll in circumstances where it was clear public opinion had swung towards Irish unity.

“Then the Republic would vote on the matter.”


First Minister: Aberdeen players ‘blatantly broke the rules’

Two footballers at the club have tested positive for Covid-19 and a further six have been told to self-isolate.

The First Minister said eight Aberdeen players who visited a bar in the city on Saturday “blatantly broke the rules” agreed by the Scottish FA, SPFL and government.

Two footballers at the club have tested positive for Covid-19, meaning the their Premiership match at St Johnstone on Saturday has now been postponed.

A further six players are facing 14 days of self-isolation after coming into close contact with the others.

Players are allowed to be in close contact with each other as long as they remain in their bubble, something the Scottish Government said has not happened.

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Nicola Sturgeon said their behaviour was “completely unacceptable” and said calling off the fixture was the right decision.

Speaking at the daily coronavirus briefing, she said: “It is now clear that all eight of these players visited a bar in Aberdeen on Saturday night.

“In doing so they blatantly broke the rules that had been agreed by the SFA, the SPFL and the Scottish Government, which – to put it mildly – is completely unacceptable.

“This morning the Scottish Government convened a meeting with the SFA and the SPFL and, following those discussions, the football authorities have confirmed the game between Aberdeen and St Johnstone scheduled for tomorrow in Perth will not now go ahead.

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“I think that is the right decision. We are expecting members of the public to behave in a highly precautionary manner right now.

“When a football club ends up with players infected – and let’s remember this is not through bad luck but clear breaches of the rules – we cannot take even smalls risks that could then spread the infection to other parts of the country.”

Sturgeon said the Scottish Government will be contacting all club captains and managers to “emphasise the importance” of complying with guidance.

Aberdeen chairman Dave Cormack said he had apologised to health authorities and other Premiership clubs.

He said: “Given the significant Covid-19 outbreak in Aberdeen, we fully understand why the Scottish Government has made this decision in the interests of public health.

“With the pressure over this season’s fixtures, and the fact that we caused this problem, we were fully prepared to play the game tomorrow. We are very grateful that the decision has been to postpone, rather than forfeit the game.

“I took the opportunity yesterday to apologise to both football and health authorities, and with our fellow Premiership clubs today.”

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Regarding the ongoing outbreak in Aberdeen city, where a lockdown has been reimposed, a total of 101 cases of the virus have been confirmed.


Face masks mandatory in libraries and places of worship

Decision to expand list of places where they must be worn has been confirmed by Nicola Sturgeon.

Face coverings will become mandatory in libraries, museums and places of worship from Saturday.

Masks must currently be worn in shops and on public transport but a decision to expand the list of places was confirmed by the First Minister.

She said “risks are heightened” as the country eases lockdown measures.

Speaking at the daily coronavirus briefing, Sturgeon also said that, based on scientific advice, it wasn’t thought face visors provided sufficient protection.

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As a result, from Saturday if a visor is worn it must be accompanied by another type of face covering.

The Scottish Government will make it mandatory for pubs and other venues to collect customer details from next Friday, Sturgeon added.

The requirement will be placed on a “statutory footing”, she said, and will help ensure test and protect can function as effectively as possible.

She also said the Scottish Government will issue new statutory guidance related to indoor hospitality to ensure greater compliance with coronavirus measures, to take effect from next Friday.

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Police Scotland will enforce the measures if necessary.

The measures are introduced as a common factor in the rise in coronavirus outbreaks across the world, Sturgeon said, is a link to hospitality.


Labour bid to force Swinney out over exams ‘shambles’

No confidence motion comes as pupils gather in Glasgow to protest downgrading.

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Swinney faces vote of no confidence.

Scottish Labour has said it will table a motion of no confidence in education secretary John Swinney.

The move comes amid fierce criticism of the Scottish Government and the Scottish Qualifications Authority over the exam results moderation process.

Around 138,000 school pupils received the results of their National, Higher and Advanced Higher courses on Tuesday after an exam-free year.

Results published by the Scottish Government showed that while pass rates were up and three out of four grade estimates were not adjusted, the SQA downgraded 124,564 results – 93.1% of all the moderated grades.

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Around 133,000 entries were adjusted from the initial estimate, with only 6.9% adjusted up.

Scottish Labour said it had now obtained documentary evidence that the SQA is planning to not reveal appeal results till the end of May 2021. 

As a result, the party said it would table a motion of no confidence and seek support from other parties in the Scottish Parliament for Swinney’s removal.

“It is now clear that John Swinney has completely lost control of the SQA and the exam process, and he needs to go.”

Iain Gray, Scottish Labour education spokesperson

Scottish Labour education spokesman Iain Gray said: “Since the shambles of the SQA results emerged on Tuesday, the SQA and SNP ministers have deflected criticism through arguing that students could appeal unfair grades. 

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“This astonishing leak blows the lid off their defence. The SQA created this mess and the SNP government has entrusted them to sort it out – but all we have seen is shambles upon shambles upon shambles. 

“It is now clear that John Swinney has completely lost control of the SQA and the exam process, and he needs to go. We will seek to lay a motion to that effect and approach colleagues across parliament for their support.”

Labour claims it has seen evidence – on the SQA intranet portal – that the SQA plans to conclude “priority” reviews for candidates awaiting university places by September 4, adding that such a lengthy delay for all other appeals could “compromise those applying for university next year and those seeking to apply for jobs”.

But the SQA said there is no nine-month wait for grades.

An SQA spokesman said: “This was a meaningless date set as part of a technical requirement to allow the system to go live.

“The results of the priority appeals will be emailed to schools and colleges for learners by 4th September.

“We are committed to processing all appeals as quickly as possible. We will provide a date for all other reviews shortly after 21st August.”

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More than 100 pupils held a protest in Glasgow on Friday, with many claiming they had been penalised for living in less affluent areas.

During the protest in George Square, young people were pictured holding placards with captions such as ‘judge my work, not my postcode’ at a protest organised by 17-year-old student Erin Bleakley.

This year’s exam results were calculated by teachers, who based their estimates on preliminary exams and coursework, while the SQA took into consideration the previous performance of the school.

But the national moderation system meant that many students received lower grades than originally estimated.

Speaking at the Scottish Government’s daily briefing, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon told pupils the moderation was necessary to “command the confidence of colleges and universities and employers”.

However, she urged pupils to challenge their results if there has been “genuine individual injustices”.

Queen to miss Sunday service amid new lockdown restrictions

Head of state will not take her seat at Crathie Kirk in a bid to stop well-wishers gathering in Aberdeenshire.

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Queen normally joins congregation at Crathie Kirk.

The Queen will not attend church in Scotland on Sunday in order to stop well-wishers gathering.

The head of state, who travelled to Balmoral with the Duke of Edinburgh on Tuesday for her traditional summer break, normally joins the congregation at nearby Crathie Kirk.

But it is understood she will not take her seat in the place of worship in Aberdeenshire to avoid large groups of people congregating outside.

Lockdown measures have been reintroduced in Aberdeen following the outbreak of a coronavirus cluster in the city.

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The Queen’s annual visit to Balmoral Castle was already expected to be different from normal due to the coronavirus restrictions in place.

Crathie Kirk – a regular place of worship for the royal family when they are in residence at the estate – is among the places subject to rules allowing communal prayer for a maximum of 50 people, with two-metre distancing in place.

A Buckingham Palace spokesman previously said arrangements for the Queen’s stay in Scotland “will be in line with the relevant guidelines and advice”.

Pubs required to take customer details after virus outbreak

The new law was made in the wake of a Covid cluster in Aberdeen, with 101 new cases confirmed.

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Pubs: It will be mandatory to collect customer details from next Friday.

Pubs and other venues will be required to collect customer details from next Friday, Nicola Sturgeon has said.

The First Minister said the mandatory requirement will be placed on a “statutory footing” and will help ensure test and protect can function as effectively as possible.

Speaking at the daily briefing in Edinburgh, she said businesses should be collecting contact details, asking people to pre-book tables and there should be no queues.

Sturgeon also said the Scottish Government will issue new statutory guidance related to indoor hospitality to ensure greater compliance with coronavirus measures, to take effect from next Friday.

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Police Scotland will enforce the measures if necessary.

The news follows an outbreak of coronavirus in Aberdeen where a lockdown has been reimposed, with 101 new cases of the virus confirmed.

Eight Aberdeen FC players visited a bar in the city centre at the weekend, which led to two of them testing positive for Covid-19 and six others having to self-isolate.

As a result, the team’s Premiership match at St Johnstone on Saturday has now been postponed.

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Sturgeon said a common factor in the rise in coronavirus outbreaks across the world is a link to hospitality.

She said settings like pubs and restaurants are particularly susceptible to the virus.

While she said the majority of businesses had complied with coronavirus measures imposed on hospitality, she said “it is clear there are some businesses where that has not been the case”. 

The First Minister added that businesses should not wait for new statutory measures to come into place before complying with Scottish Government advice.

People should not be standing at the bar to watch football, she added, and there should be no background music to prevent shouting and any increased risk of transmission.

Sturgeon said that while new mandatory measures being introduced are “really restrictive,” they are there because they are necessary.

She said: “We see in Aberdeen right now including the situation with the football club how quickly this virus spreads”


Workman in hospital after van bursts into flames

Firefighters tackled blaze after the vehicle exploded in Prestwick on Friday morning.

Fire: The van erupted into flames in Prestwick.

A van burst into flames on a South Ayrshire street on Friday morning.

Fire crews attended the scene in Langcroft Avenue, Prestwick, after they were alerted to the blaze at 11.24am.

A workman was taken by ambulance staff to Ayr Hospital as a precaution, while firefighters extinguished the flames.

A spokesman for the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service: “We were alerted at 11.24am on Friday, August 7, to reports of a vehicle fire in Prestwick.

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“Operations Control mobilised three appliances to the town’s Langcroft Avenue, where firefighters were met by a van on fire.

“Crews extinguished the fire and worked to make the area safe before leaving the scene.

“One casualty was transported to Ayr Hospital by Scottish Ambulance Service personnel.”

Police were also called to the incident and said enquiries are ongoing.


Religious cult member jailed for raping two girls

One woman who helped bring Derek Lincoln to justice describes life in Children of God communes.

Derek Lincoln will has been jailed for more than 11 years.

A member of a religious cult has been jailed for 11-and-a-half years after admitting repeatedly raping two girls almost three decades ago.

Derek Lincoln, 74, was told by judge Lord Matthews that he “stole the dreams” of his young victims.

This is the second prosecution of its kind in Scotland in two years.

Lincoln, who was extradited from France, admitted abusing the two girls while he was a member of the ‘Children of God’ cult, based at various sites in Ayrshire, Lanarkshire, and Renfrewshire between 1989 and 1996.

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The girls were aged nine and 11 when they were first targeted by Lincoln.

One woman who gave evidence against him hailed a “massive victory” for survivors.

Known only as Joy and now in her 40s, she managed to escape the cult when she was a teenager.

She had been abused by members of the religious sect from the age of four at locations including Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire.

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Joy said: “For so many years we were taught not to expect justice. We were taught no one in the outside world will believe you.

“It’s a crazy story, telling people you were trafficked between communes, didn’t know your own address for most of your childhood, how you were out fundraising from four years old and never had an education, the extreme and bizarre daily punishments.

“People don’t believe this stuff happens outside 80s American films but it does and often it was hidden in plain sight.”

Children of God began in the United States in the late 1960s and has faced allegations of widespread sexual and physical abuse of women and children.

Its founder David Berg called himself Moses.

The victims involved in both prosecutions grew up in communes around Scotland in the 1980s and 90s.  

Lincoln, who was also known as Derk Birks or John Green, committed the offences at addresses in Ayrshire,  Renfrewshire and Lanarkshire.

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Detective sergeant Neil Wilson, from Police Scotland, said: “Derek Lincoln was a very cruel individual, there was no information to suggest he was brainwashed in any way.

“We are of the opinion that he used his position within the children of god to abuse his victims.”

Lincoln was caught as part of a five-year international investigation.

His crimes came to light when his first victim made a complaint to police in England.

Det Sgt Wilson said: “Derek Lincoln held the position of like a house master at communes so he would be responsible for education of children and conveying adults from different locations for charity work.

“He used that opportunity to commit the serious sexual crimes that he did.

Children who were brought up as being members of the Children of God , now called Family International, were commonly brought up  in a household with a dozen other families, curtains drawn, not seeing the light of day. 

Joy said: “The communes were international. Sometimes it was a family unit, sometimes they had 40 to 50 people. I never stayed in one place long enough to make a friend.  

“One of the challenges of bringing people to justice was the fact we were constantly moved so we didn’t know the exact locations. I was aware of Derek Lincoln but I didn’t know him by that name.  

“Everyone in the cult had a biblical name. There are no surnames. This was another difficulty for police but by tracking down supporting witnesses, they were able to identify abusers like Lincoln.”

Joy was thrown out of the cult by becoming a “bad apple” but still suffers flashbacks after all these years.

She said: I have issues with insomnia. I know this will be with me for the rest of my life but with counselling, I can lessen the impact it has on my daily life. I am taking back control.

“The cult gave abusers an environment in which they could flourish. Even the other ones that went along with it and didn’t say anything, they are not innocent. 

“If they are truly sorry, they should acknowledge that. The innocent ones are the children.”

Lincoln began abusing one of the girls when she was 11 or 12.

The first rape victim described Lincoln as ‘stern and controlling” and said he once put soap in her mouth and beat her with a switch and a belt.

When the girl was aged 12, Lincoln apologised to her for his behaviour, but despite the abuse became more frequent.

On one occasion he took her out jogging with him and as they ran into a wooded area he pulled her to the ground and raped her.

Lincoln’s second victim was raped when she was nine or ten. After abusing her he would tell her he was sorry and frequently bought her gifts.

Lincoln, who was retired and living in France, was returned to Scotland on October 9, 2019 on a European Arrest Warrant.

The first man to be convicted of abuse linked to Children of God in Scotland was Alexander Watt from Maybole.

The 68-year-old admitted offences against two children and was given three years’ probation and placed on the sex offenders’ register in 2018.

Family International continues to have a presence online. 

Following the first conviction, the group issued a statement saying: “Although the Family International has apologised on a number of occasions to former members for any hurt, real or perceived, they may have suffered during their time in our membership, we do not give credence to tales of institutionalised abuse.”

Ian Haworth, who runs the Cult Information Centre, which supports ex-cult members and advises police, welcomed the sentencing.

He said: “Sadly this kind of abuse is a very common story that I hear but what isn’t  common is the police taking this kind of action.  

“I’m absolutely delighted there has now been two prosecutions in Scotland. We just haven’t seen this elsewhere. 

“In that particular group, people are given new names when they enter into the group so even if you knew the name of the person, that’s not their name in real life so tracing these people is very hard. I hope this encourages more people to come forward.”


Man injured by gang in late night robbery

A 55-year-old suffered minor injuries and had cash stolen after being attacked by three men in Moray.

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Man assaulted and robbed in Forres.

A 55-year-old man was assaulted and robbed in Moray.

Police are appealing for information after the man was attacked just after midnight on Saturday, August 1 on Califer Road in Forres.

The man had a quantity of cash stolen from him and suffered minor injuries but did not require any medical treatment.

The three men responsible are described as being in their late teens to early 20s and were all wearing dark hooded tops.

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Detective Sergeant Robbie Williams of Elgin CID said: “This was a scary experience for the man involved who has been shaken by the incident.

“I would urge anyone who may have been in the area at the time or saw the three men to get in touch with us as soon as possible.”

Anyone with information should contact police on 101 quoting incident number 2091 of 1, August 2020.

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I’m A Celebrity… Get Me Out Of Here! to be filmed in UK

The hit TV show could be travelling north of the border with many Scottish castles fitting the bill.

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I'm A Celeb: To be filmed in the UK.

Hit reality TV show I’m A Celebrity… Get Me Out Of Here! is to be filmed in the UK for the first time.

Rather than the usual trip to an Australian jungle, a group of celebrities will instead he staying in the ruined castle in the British countryside for what will be the show’s 20th series.

The location has not yet been revealed, however it could potentially be north of the border with several Scottish castles fitting the bill.

Geordie duo Ant and Dec will return to host the series which will be broadcast live every night on STV. 

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As on the regular series, viewers will see the celebrities undertake gruelling trials and fun-filled challenges to win food and treats in the lead up to one of them being crowned, for the first time ever, King or Queen of the Castle.

The change was made due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic that made it unfeasible for it to be shot in Australia.

Kevin Lygo, ITV’s director of television said: “We announced last week that we were doing all we could to make the series and I’m thrilled that we can bring the show to viewers albeit not in the jungle. “

Richard Cowles, Director of Entertainment at ITV Studios said: “We pulled out all the stops to try and make the series happen in Australia.  Unfortunately, due to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic and despite us looking at many different contingencies, it became apparent that it just wasn’t possible for us to travel and make the show there.  

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“Our celebrities will probably have to swap shorts for thermals but they can still look forward to a basic diet of rice and beans and plenty of thrills and surprises along the way”.


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