Racism in Scotland: ‘Why we’re fighting for change’

Scots who have experienced racism have opened up about their experiences.

“There have been so many incidents I can’t remember everything. And if I was to remember, I’d be a wreck.”

Paul Joseph is one of many Scots who have experienced racist abuse. 

He says he’s been racially abused everywhere from filling up at the petrol station to playing football.

His four children have also experienced racist comments, opening up about heartbreaking situations they have faced at school.

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But they are far from the only ones to face racist abuse in Scotland. 

With race and equity hitting the headlines following the death of George Floyd in the US and the rise of the Black Lives Matter movement, STV News spoke to black and minority ethic people about their experiences of everyday racism.

Ellie

Ellie Wilson, from Edinburgh, says she has experienced racism for as long as she can remember. 

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The 22-year-old says: “When I was very young, even at primary school, I always just felt that I didn’t fit in because of the comments that people would say. The P word, if I could say that. I would be made fun of and told that I should go and make a curry or something.

“For like a very long time I felt very uncomfortable in myself and my own skin. I hated my own skin. I used to wear make up to make myself look paler and fit in more.

Ellie Wilson says she has felt uncomfortable in her own skin.

“People were asking me where I was from, where I was really from and having all of these things just really contributed to me feeling so insecure and so unhappy in myself. 

“I just felt alien and completely uncomfortable in my skin. I remember being five years old and not understanding race and sitting in the bath tub just trying to wash my skin away so I could fit in and stop feeling so alien.”

Even now at university, Ellie has been taunted due to the colour of her skin.

“This guy who was in the rugby club shouted Mohammed Mohammed at me. Which was very strange because I’m Christian as well. It made me feel very uncomfortable.”

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Saqib

Taxi driver Saqib Pirzada says he has been racially abused while simply doing his job. He has lived in Scotland for more than 20 years.

“Being an ethnic driver when you work the first thing they ask you, can I ask you where you come from? Why are you here? 

“These are things that make you feel like you’re from a different planet.

“When we go outside Scotland, when we go on holiday, we don’t ask our taxi driver in Germany or France ‘can I ask you where you’re from, why you’re here?’ Because these are not things to ask.

“It makes you feel like they are trying to put a barrier between you and your feelings for this country. 

“Scotland is my second home and it is not easy to settle down in a second home.

“If I make Scotland my second home it’s because I love Scotland.”

Saqib Pirzada has been attacked while working as a taxi driver.

Saqib says that after the Glasgow Airport attack and the Manchester bombing, things became worse for him.

The abuse he received went from verbal to physical. 

“[A man] put the seatbelt round my neck and that was half four, five in the morning and he was pulling my neck with the seatbelt.

“It was all just very quick, another fellow driver came and he said what’s happening. And when I got out of the car he just ran away.”

Paul

Originally from London, Paul Joseph moved to the west of Scotland 55 years ago. 

“Racism exists everywhere,” Paul says.

“And at first when you’re younger you get upset, you stand up every time someone calls you a name in the street you say bring it on.

“But as you get older you tend to realise that these people are inadequate themselves and therefore you should not rise to the bait.

“But I stress, the majority of people are lovely. The only problem is that normal folk don’t realise it goes on. It’s like the secret club of racists that are out there. 

“They always choose their time when it’s one on one. I’ve been at the garage filling up with petrol and been abused, I’ve been out playing football and been abused. 

“Work people asking, hey PJ what’s it like to be a n*****. It just goes on and on.”

Paul Joseph has been abused while simply filling his car with petrol.

Paul’s children have also been affected by racist abuse.

His son Reuben says: “I also did experience a lot of racism from other students. At times, I had kids through up a Nazi salute in the lunch hall to me.

“I’ve had a group of my pals say to me ‘could you go walk around the corner for me?’, so they could tell a racist joke, then invite me back round when they were all laughing.”

Daughter Florence adds: “I had a teacher at high school that used to behave very poorly towards me and I didn’t really say anything. 

“She went round the world and said how you get varying shades of people around the world and you get white people, they’re the rich people, and you get black people in Africa, they’re the poor people. 

“You get the beige people, Florence, you’re beige, you could be so ugly, you could have the ugliest face but because you’re beige you’re pretty. 

“And then she went onto say about yellow Asian people, brown Asian people and used her hands to mimic the eye shape of Asian people and she did that in front of the whole class and didn’t feel any sort of qualms about doing that and that was for me, that really humiliated me.

“I went and spoke to mum about that. We went to the school and nothing was done. It was just laughed off, she didn’t mean it, she wasn’t being racist.

Paul ‘s children want things to change in schools.

“You don’t want to accuse someone of being racist but sometimes, actually, you just need to call a spade a spade.”

Paul says he and his wife were disgusted at what had happened to their daughter at school.

“My wife and I at the time, we felt so aggrieved that we actually put our house on the market to move to a more multicultural area, shall we say. 

“It was only when we got a whisper that perhaps that teacher might retire that we stayed. 

“I’m glad we stayed because all four children have done remarkably well.”

Making a change

Ellie believes that denying there is racism in Scotland is part of the problem.

She says: “We like to feel that Scotland is such a tolerant and open country and we don’t have racism here but that’s simply not the case and I think denying the problem is part of the problem.

“Just because you don’t see it doesn’t mean that it’s not there.”

Paul adds: “I remember being in a hospital in an open ward in Glasgow and a Pakistani doctor was dealing with a patient in the bed next to me and that patient said ‘I don’t want some p*** looking after me’. So even though his mum and dad said you need to have a good job, you need to do this and that, and be a doctor, no one escapes. Nobody escapes.

However Paul’s children are adamant that things can change in Scotland.

The Joseph siblings have launched a petition calling for a rethink on the teaching of ethnic diversity in schools and have written an open letter to the FM and the education secretary

Reuben says: “It kind of sparked from us wanting to do something and what can we do to address the issue of race in Scotland,

“It kept coming back to schools. If we’re going to start anywhere in addressing it, maybe schools would be the first place to start.”

They’ve gained support with more than 12,000 signatures.

Florence says: “It’s been phenomenal and what we want now is a response from John Swinney or Nicola, the powers that be to try, so that we can try to get this in motion and get this going”

Paul adds: “Racism and bigotry has no part in this society but it has to come from school, it has to come from teachers. And hopefully in a few generations we’ll have cracked the nut.”


First Minister: Aberdeen players ‘blatantly broke the rules’

Two footballers at the club have tested positive for Covid-19 and a further six have been told to self-isolate.

The First Minister said eight Aberdeen players who visited a bar in the city on Saturday “blatantly broke the rules” agreed by the Scottish FA, SPFL and government.

Two footballers at the club have tested positive for Covid-19, meaning the their Premiership match at St Johnstone on Saturday has now been postponed.

A further six players are facing 14 days of self-isolation after coming into close contact with the others.

Players are allowed to be in close contact with each other as long as they remain in their bubble, something the Scottish Government said has not happened.

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Nicola Sturgeon said their behaviour was “completely unacceptable” and said calling off the fixture was the right decision.

Speaking at the daily coronavirus briefing, she said: “It is now clear that all eight of these players visited a bar in Aberdeen on Saturday night.

“In doing so they blatantly broke the rules that had been agreed by the SFA, the SPFL and the Scottish Government, which – to put it mildly – is completely unacceptable.

“This morning the Scottish Government convened a meeting with the SFA and the SPFL and, following those discussions, the football authorities have confirmed the game between Aberdeen and St Johnstone scheduled for tomorrow in Perth will not now go ahead.

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“I think that is the right decision. We are expecting members of the public to behave in a highly precautionary manner right now.

“When a football club ends up with players infected – and let’s remember this is not through bad luck but clear breaches of the rules – we cannot take even smalls risks that could then spread the infection to other parts of the country.”

Sturgeon said the Scottish Government will be contacting all club captains and managers to “emphasise the importance” of complying with guidance.

Aberdeen chairman Dave Cormack said he had apologised to health authorities and other Premiership clubs.

He said: “Given the significant Covid-19 outbreak in Aberdeen, we fully understand why the Scottish Government has made this decision in the interests of public health.

“With the pressure over this season’s fixtures, and the fact that we caused this problem, we were fully prepared to play the game tomorrow. We are very grateful that the decision has been to postpone, rather than forfeit the game.

“I took the opportunity yesterday to apologise to both football and health authorities, and with our fellow Premiership clubs today.”

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Regarding the ongoing outbreak in Aberdeen city, where a lockdown has been reimposed, a total of 101 cases of the virus have been confirmed.


Face masks mandatory in libraries and places of worship

Decision to expand list of places where they must be worn has been confirmed by Nicola Sturgeon.

Face coverings will become mandatory in libraries, museums and places of worship from Saturday.

Masks must currently be worn in shops and on public transport but a decision to expand the list of places was confirmed by the First Minister.

She said “risks are heightened” as the country eases lockdown measures.

Speaking at the daily coronavirus briefing, Sturgeon also said that, based on scientific advice, it wasn’t thought face visors provided sufficient protection.

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As a result, from Saturday if a visor is worn it must be accompanied by another type of face covering.

The Scottish Government will make it mandatory for pubs and other venues to collect customer details from next Friday, Sturgeon added.

The requirement will be placed on a “statutory footing”, she said, and will help ensure test and protect can function as effectively as possible.

She also said the Scottish Government will issue new statutory guidance related to indoor hospitality to ensure greater compliance with coronavirus measures, to take effect from next Friday.

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Police Scotland will enforce the measures if necessary.

The measures are introduced as a common factor in the rise in coronavirus outbreaks across the world, Sturgeon said, is a link to hospitality.


Labour bid to force Swinney out over exams ‘shambles’

No confidence motion comes as pupils gather in Glasgow to protest downgrading.

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Swinney faces vote of no confidence.

Scottish Labour has said it will table a motion of no confidence in education secretary John Swinney.

The move comes amid fierce criticism of the Scottish Government and the Scottish Qualifications Authority over the exam results moderation process.

Around 138,000 school pupils received the results of their National, Higher and Advanced Higher courses on Tuesday after an exam-free year.

Results published by the Scottish Government showed that while pass rates were up and three out of four grade estimates were not adjusted, the SQA downgraded 124,564 results – 93.1% of all the moderated grades.

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Around 133,000 entries were adjusted from the initial estimate, with only 6.9% adjusted up.

Scottish Labour said it had now obtained documentary evidence that the SQA is planning to not reveal appeal results till the end of May 2021. 

As a result, the party said it would table a motion of no confidence and seek support from other parties in the Scottish Parliament for Swinney’s removal.

“It is now clear that John Swinney has completely lost control of the SQA and the exam process, and he needs to go.”

Iain Gray, Scottish Labour education spokesperson

Scottish Labour education spokesman Iain Gray said: “Since the shambles of the SQA results emerged on Tuesday, the SQA and SNP ministers have deflected criticism through arguing that students could appeal unfair grades. 

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“This astonishing leak blows the lid off their defence. The SQA created this mess and the SNP government has entrusted them to sort it out – but all we have seen is shambles upon shambles upon shambles. 

“It is now clear that John Swinney has completely lost control of the SQA and the exam process, and he needs to go. We will seek to lay a motion to that effect and approach colleagues across parliament for their support.”

Labour claims it has seen evidence – on the SQA intranet portal – that the SQA plans to conclude “priority” reviews for candidates awaiting university places by September 4, adding that such a lengthy delay for all other appeals could “compromise those applying for university next year and those seeking to apply for jobs”.

But the SQA said there is no nine-month wait for grades.

An SQA spokesman said: “This was a meaningless date set as part of a technical requirement to allow the system to go live.

“The results of the priority appeals will be emailed to schools and colleges for learners by 4th September.

“We are committed to processing all appeals as quickly as possible. We will provide a date for all other reviews shortly after 21st August.”

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More than 100 pupils held a protest in Glasgow on Friday, with many claiming they had been penalised for living in less affluent areas.

During the protest in George Square, young people were pictured holding placards with captions such as ‘judge my work, not my postcode’ at a protest organised by 17-year-old student Erin Bleakley.

This year’s exam results were calculated by teachers, who based their estimates on preliminary exams and coursework, while the SQA took into consideration the previous performance of the school.

But the national moderation system meant that many students received lower grades than originally estimated.

Speaking at the Scottish Government’s daily briefing, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon told pupils the moderation was necessary to “command the confidence of colleges and universities and employers”.

However, she urged pupils to challenge their results if there has been “genuine individual injustices”.

Queen to miss Sunday service amid new lockdown restrictions

Head of state will not take her seat at Crathie Kirk in a bid to stop well-wishers gathering in Aberdeenshire.

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Queen normally joins congregation at Crathie Kirk.

The Queen will not attend church in Scotland on Sunday in order to stop well-wishers gathering.

The head of state, who travelled to Balmoral with the Duke of Edinburgh on Tuesday for her traditional summer break, normally joins the congregation at nearby Crathie Kirk.

But it is understood she will not take her seat in the place of worship in Aberdeenshire to avoid large groups of people congregating outside.

Lockdown measures have been reintroduced in Aberdeen following the outbreak of a coronavirus cluster in the city.

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The Queen’s annual visit to Balmoral Castle was already expected to be different from normal due to the coronavirus restrictions in place.

Crathie Kirk – a regular place of worship for the royal family when they are in residence at the estate – is among the places subject to rules allowing communal prayer for a maximum of 50 people, with two-metre distancing in place.

A Buckingham Palace spokesman previously said arrangements for the Queen’s stay in Scotland “will be in line with the relevant guidelines and advice”.

Pubs required to take customer details after virus outbreak

The new law was made in the wake of a Covid cluster in Aberdeen, with 101 new cases confirmed.

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Pubs: It will be mandatory to collect customer details from next Friday.

Pubs and other venues will be required to collect customer details from next Friday, Nicola Sturgeon has said.

The First Minister said the mandatory requirement will be placed on a “statutory footing” and will help ensure test and protect can function as effectively as possible.

Speaking at the daily briefing in Edinburgh, she said businesses should be collecting contact details, asking people to pre-book tables and there should be no queues.

Sturgeon also said the Scottish Government will issue new statutory guidance related to indoor hospitality to ensure greater compliance with coronavirus measures, to take effect from next Friday.

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Police Scotland will enforce the measures if necessary.

The news follows an outbreak of coronavirus in Aberdeen where a lockdown has been reimposed, with 101 new cases of the virus confirmed.

Eight Aberdeen FC players visited a bar in the city centre at the weekend, which led to two of them testing positive for Covid-19 and six others having to self-isolate.

As a result, the team’s Premiership match at St Johnstone on Saturday has now been postponed.

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Sturgeon said a common factor in the rise in coronavirus outbreaks across the world is a link to hospitality.

She said settings like pubs and restaurants are particularly susceptible to the virus.

While she said the majority of businesses had complied with coronavirus measures imposed on hospitality, she said “it is clear there are some businesses where that has not been the case”. 

The First Minister added that businesses should not wait for new statutory measures to come into place before complying with Scottish Government advice.

People should not be standing at the bar to watch football, she added, and there should be no background music to prevent shouting and any increased risk of transmission.

Sturgeon said that while new mandatory measures being introduced are “really restrictive,” they are there because they are necessary.

She said: “We see in Aberdeen right now including the situation with the football club how quickly this virus spreads”


Workman in hospital after van bursts into flames

Firefighters tackled blaze after the vehicle exploded in Prestwick on Friday morning.

Fire: The van erupted into flames in Prestwick.

A van burst into flames on a South Ayrshire street on Friday morning.

Fire crews attended the scene in Langcroft Avenue, Prestwick, after they were alerted to the blaze at 11.24am.

A workman was taken by ambulance staff to Ayr Hospital as a precaution, while firefighters extinguished the flames.

A spokesman for the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service: “We were alerted at 11.24am on Friday, August 7, to reports of a vehicle fire in Prestwick.

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“Operations Control mobilised three appliances to the town’s Langcroft Avenue, where firefighters were met by a van on fire.

“Crews extinguished the fire and worked to make the area safe before leaving the scene.

“One casualty was transported to Ayr Hospital by Scottish Ambulance Service personnel.”

Police were also called to the incident and said enquiries are ongoing.


Religious cult member jailed for raping two girls

One woman who helped bring Derek Lincoln to justice describes life in Children of God communes.

Derek Lincoln will has been jailed for more than 11 years.

A member of a religious cult has been jailed for 11-and-a-half years after admitting repeatedly raping two girls almost three decades ago.

Derek Lincoln, 74, was told by judge Lord Matthews that he “stole the dreams” of his young victims.

This is the second prosecution of its kind in Scotland in two years.

Lincoln, who was extradited from France, admitted abusing the two girls while he was a member of the ‘Children of God’ cult, based at various sites in Ayrshire, Lanarkshire, and Renfrewshire between 1989 and 1996.

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The girls were aged nine and 11 when they were first targeted by Lincoln.

One woman who gave evidence against him hailed a “massive victory” for survivors.

Known only as Joy and now in her 40s, she managed to escape the cult when she was a teenager.

She had been abused by members of the religious sect from the age of four at locations including Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire.

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Joy said: “For so many years we were taught not to expect justice. We were taught no one in the outside world will believe you.

“It’s a crazy story, telling people you were trafficked between communes, didn’t know your own address for most of your childhood, how you were out fundraising from four years old and never had an education, the extreme and bizarre daily punishments.

“People don’t believe this stuff happens outside 80s American films but it does and often it was hidden in plain sight.”

Children of God began in the United States in the late 1960s and has faced allegations of widespread sexual and physical abuse of women and children.

Its founder David Berg called himself Moses.

The victims involved in both prosecutions grew up in communes around Scotland in the 1980s and 90s.  

Lincoln, who was also known as Derk Birks or John Green, committed the offences at addresses in Ayrshire,  Renfrewshire and Lanarkshire.

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Detective sergeant Neil Wilson, from Police Scotland, said: “Derek Lincoln was a very cruel individual, there was no information to suggest he was brainwashed in any way.

“We are of the opinion that he used his position within the children of god to abuse his victims.”

Lincoln was caught as part of a five-year international investigation.

His crimes came to light when his first victim made a complaint to police in England.

Det Sgt Wilson said: “Derek Lincoln held the position of like a house master at communes so he would be responsible for education of children and conveying adults from different locations for charity work.

“He used that opportunity to commit the serious sexual crimes that he did.

Children who were brought up as being members of the Children of God , now called Family International, were commonly brought up  in a household with a dozen other families, curtains drawn, not seeing the light of day. 

Joy said: “The communes were international. Sometimes it was a family unit, sometimes they had 40 to 50 people. I never stayed in one place long enough to make a friend.  

“One of the challenges of bringing people to justice was the fact we were constantly moved so we didn’t know the exact locations. I was aware of Derek Lincoln but I didn’t know him by that name.  

“Everyone in the cult had a biblical name. There are no surnames. This was another difficulty for police but by tracking down supporting witnesses, they were able to identify abusers like Lincoln.”

Joy was thrown out of the cult by becoming a “bad apple” but still suffers flashbacks after all these years.

She said: I have issues with insomnia. I know this will be with me for the rest of my life but with counselling, I can lessen the impact it has on my daily life. I am taking back control.

“The cult gave abusers an environment in which they could flourish. Even the other ones that went along with it and didn’t say anything, they are not innocent. 

“If they are truly sorry, they should acknowledge that. The innocent ones are the children.”

Lincoln began abusing one of the girls when she was 11 or 12.

The first rape victim described Lincoln as ‘stern and controlling” and said he once put soap in her mouth and beat her with a switch and a belt.

When the girl was aged 12, Lincoln apologised to her for his behaviour, but despite the abuse became more frequent.

On one occasion he took her out jogging with him and as they ran into a wooded area he pulled her to the ground and raped her.

Lincoln’s second victim was raped when she was nine or ten. After abusing her he would tell her he was sorry and frequently bought her gifts.

Lincoln, who was retired and living in France, was returned to Scotland on October 9, 2019 on a European Arrest Warrant.

The first man to be convicted of abuse linked to Children of God in Scotland was Alexander Watt from Maybole.

The 68-year-old admitted offences against two children and was given three years’ probation and placed on the sex offenders’ register in 2018.

Family International continues to have a presence online. 

Following the first conviction, the group issued a statement saying: “Although the Family International has apologised on a number of occasions to former members for any hurt, real or perceived, they may have suffered during their time in our membership, we do not give credence to tales of institutionalised abuse.”

Ian Haworth, who runs the Cult Information Centre, which supports ex-cult members and advises police, welcomed the sentencing.

He said: “Sadly this kind of abuse is a very common story that I hear but what isn’t  common is the police taking this kind of action.  

“I’m absolutely delighted there has now been two prosecutions in Scotland. We just haven’t seen this elsewhere. 

“In that particular group, people are given new names when they enter into the group so even if you knew the name of the person, that’s not their name in real life so tracing these people is very hard. I hope this encourages more people to come forward.”


Man injured by gang in late night robbery

A 55-year-old suffered minor injuries and had cash stolen after being attacked by three men in Moray.

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Man assaulted and robbed in Forres.

A 55-year-old man was assaulted and robbed in Moray.

Police are appealing for information after the man was attacked just after midnight on Saturday, August 1 on Califer Road in Forres.

The man had a quantity of cash stolen from him and suffered minor injuries but did not require any medical treatment.

The three men responsible are described as being in their late teens to early 20s and were all wearing dark hooded tops.

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Detective Sergeant Robbie Williams of Elgin CID said: “This was a scary experience for the man involved who has been shaken by the incident.

“I would urge anyone who may have been in the area at the time or saw the three men to get in touch with us as soon as possible.”

Anyone with information should contact police on 101 quoting incident number 2091 of 1, August 2020.

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I’m A Celebrity… Get Me Out Of Here! to be filmed in UK

The hit TV show could be travelling north of the border with many Scottish castles fitting the bill.

ITV News
I'm A Celeb: To be filmed in the UK.

Hit reality TV show I’m A Celebrity… Get Me Out Of Here! is to be filmed in the UK for the first time.

Rather than the usual trip to an Australian jungle, a group of celebrities will instead he staying in the ruined castle in the British countryside for what will be the show’s 20th series.

The location has not yet been revealed, however it could potentially be north of the border with several Scottish castles fitting the bill.

Geordie duo Ant and Dec will return to host the series which will be broadcast live every night on STV. 

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As on the regular series, viewers will see the celebrities undertake gruelling trials and fun-filled challenges to win food and treats in the lead up to one of them being crowned, for the first time ever, King or Queen of the Castle.

The change was made due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic that made it unfeasible for it to be shot in Australia.

Kevin Lygo, ITV’s director of television said: “We announced last week that we were doing all we could to make the series and I’m thrilled that we can bring the show to viewers albeit not in the jungle. “

Richard Cowles, Director of Entertainment at ITV Studios said: “We pulled out all the stops to try and make the series happen in Australia.  Unfortunately, due to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic and despite us looking at many different contingencies, it became apparent that it just wasn’t possible for us to travel and make the show there.  

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“Our celebrities will probably have to swap shorts for thermals but they can still look forward to a basic diet of rice and beans and plenty of thrills and surprises along the way”.


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