Spoof calls from what appears as an official Edinburgh Sheriff Court phone number are demanding payments for fines in a scam to secure financial information.
People are receiving threatening calls from bots claiming to be from the Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service.
Marjorie Gibson, head of operations with Advice Direct Scotland, said the interactive technology can seem official but these calls “have more sinister and underhand objectives”.
“These scammers are reported to be calling from what seems to be the official number,” Ms Gibson said.
“If you are at all unsure, avoid pressing any buttons, and avoid requesting connection of the call to another party, as this can connect you to premium rate numbers, which can be costly.
“It is important to remain vigilant. Avoid supplying personal information or payment details to people calling you directly.
The Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service said it does not proactively call people threatening action over National Insurance, unpaid fines or debts.
Number spoofing occurs when scammers use software to mask their origin and appear like it is the legitimate organisation contacting you when it is not.
“In instances like this, it is best to contact the company or organisation that the person is claiming to be contacting you from using a number listed on official websites or through directory enquiries,” Ms Gibson said.
“By doing this, you can ensure that you are reaching out to these organisations on your own terms.”
Anyone who has been a victim of a scam or is concerned about suspicious activity can contact Advice Direct advisers for free on 0808 164 6000 (Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm) or visit www.consumeradvice.scot.