Abdelbaset Ali al-Megrahi was sentenced to life in prison for the 1988 bombing of a US airliner over the Scottish town which claimed 270 lives.
He was later diagnosed with terminal prostate cancer and died on Sunday in Libya — two years and nine months after his controversial release from jail on compassionate grounds.
The decision to free him by Scottish Justice Secretary Kenny MacAskill provoked an international storm. In death, Megrahi continues to divide opinion.
The bombing of Pan Am flight 103, travelling from London to New York four days before Christmas, killed all 259 people on board.
Eleven residents of the Dumfries and Galloway town also died after the plane crashed down on their homes in Britain's biggest terrorist atrocity.
After protracted international pressure, Megrahi was put on trial under Scots law at Camp Zeist in the Netherlands.
He was found guilty in 2001 of mass murder and was ordered to serve a minimum of 27 years behind bars.
Despite claims that he could not have worked alone, and the lingering suspicion by some that he was innocent, Megrahi was the only man ever brought to justice over the terrorist attack.
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