It has been a little over a year since the beginning of the so-called Arab Spring.
A series of popular uprisings to depose dictators started a chain reaction across North Africa and the Middle East.
But after the early success in Egypt and Libya, the Spring has frozen, with the governments in Syria and Bahrain continuing to crush all signs of opposition.
Scotland Tonight discussed the events that have changed the face of the Middle East with Lebanese writer Abdelrahim Alawji and Syrian writer Abdullah Alkafri.
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