Violinist Nicola Benedetti received her MBE for her services to charity and music in a formal Royal ceremony.
The 25-year-old is among those who were given honours at an investiture event in London on Tuesday.
Last year it was announced that Ms Benedetti, from West Kilbride, North Ayrshire, would receive the recognition.
She formally received the order at Buckingham Palace, which is in recognition for her career as a concerto soloist, recitalist and recording artist.
"I am often on stage and often written about - what I do is recognised in some sort of public format.
"But what a lot of these people do is so private - only their families know what they do and what they sacrifice."
Paralympic cyclist Neil Fachie, from Aberdeen, who triumphed in the 1km time trial for the blind and visually impaired in the 2012 Paralympics, was awarded an MBE for services to para-cycling.
Mr Fachie, 29, said: "It was a nerve-wracking moment but it was a real honour and something I won't forget.
"The Queen congratulated me and said that is was 'just another medal for my collection.' and she asked if I was continuing cycling. I told her I was going to Rio and hopefully I would be coming back."
Scottish actress Siobhan Redmond, 53, was made an MBE for services to drama. She said she was "thrilled" to receive the award.
The star of The Bill and The High Life added: "I have always admired the Queen for her wonderful talent for making conversation with people she has never met before. "It is absolutely astonishing to me that anyone other than me has any pleasure from my work. I am really touched by this."
Lord Strathclyde, who resigned as leader of the House of Lords in January, said he was "absolutely thrilled" to be made a Companion of Honour by the Queen. "I am thrilled and delighted and deeply honoured," he said.
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