Voters in Spain's Catalonia have given a majority to parties backing independence in regional parliamentary elections.
But their vote has been split between the current centre-right president and his CIU party and the left wing ERC party.
Each want independence but differ on other key areas including jobs and the economy.
Will the polarisation put paid to a referendum in the next four years?
Scotland Tonight looked at the issues, and discussed them with Laura Pous, a journalist from the Catalan News Agency and with Professor Jose Rodriguez Mora from Edinburgh.
More About Scotland Tonight
- EU referendum question revealed as Bill goes before parliament
- SNP could propose full fiscal autonomy plan in more powers Bill
- FIFA corruption arrests underline need for Blatter to go, says Regan
- Queen's Speech is 'early test' of Tories' pledge for more powers
- Foreign aid helps Malawi improve conditions on maternity wards
- Lib Dem: Commons would empty 'very fast' if lying MPs had to quit
- Scotland Tonight: Ireland goes to the polls in gay marriage vote