Voters in Spain's Catalonia have given a majority to parties backing independence in regional parliamentary elections.
But their vote has been split between the current centre-right president and his CIU party and the left wing ERC party.
Each want independence but differ on other key areas including jobs and the economy.
Will the polarisation put paid to a referendum in the next four years?
Scotland Tonight looked at the issues, and discussed them with Laura Pous, a journalist from the Catalan News Agency and with Professor Jose Rodriguez Mora from Edinburgh.
More About Scotland Tonight
- Defence review: Clyde shipyards to build eight frigates for Navy
- Kevin Bridges talks meltdowns, mid-gig selfies and going Dutch
- Scotland Tonight: Best-selling Outlander author Diana Gabaldon
- Scotland Tonight: Are we heading for an antibiotic apocalypse?
- Scotland Tonight: Pressure on Corbyn as Labour divisions exposed
- Support among Scots to remain in EU at strongest level yet, poll finds
- Scotland Tonight: Anas Sarwar plans to run for Glasgow seat in May