Voters in Spain's Catalonia have given a majority to parties backing independence in regional parliamentary elections.
But their vote has been split between the current centre-right president and his CIU party and the left wing ERC party.
Each want independence but differ on other key areas including jobs and the economy.
Will the polarisation put paid to a referendum in the next four years?
Scotland Tonight looked at the issues, and discussed them with Laura Pous, a journalist from the Catalan News Agency and with Professor Jose Rodriguez Mora from Edinburgh.
More About Scotland Tonight
- Police Scotland chief Sir Stephen House to step down in three months
- Sturgeon calls for radical BBC reform and new Scots TV channel
- Leadership hopeful Andy Burnham backs autonomy for Scots Labour
- Driver could have taken 'reasonable precautions', bin crash FAI told
- Left-wing alliance Rise to campaign on anti-austerity platform
- Kezia Dugdale promises 'fresh start' with business community
- Civil rights campaigner Reverend Jesse Jackson gets honorary degree