Alex Salmond says there is still a lot of work to be done before an agreement is reached on the staging of the independence referendum.
Meanwhile, David Cameron told the Conservative Party conference he would campaign against Scottish independence with "everything we've got".
The First Minister will meet the Prime Minister on Monday to finalise arrangements for the referendum expected in autumn 2014.
Mr Salmond insisted there is still work to be done to finalise the decision on the staging of the referendum. He said Scottish Secretary Michael Moore and Deputy First Minister Nicola Sturgeon still have work to do.
The First Minister added: "Great progress has been made and I'm certainly hoping and optimistic that a deal can be done next week. But a deal ain't done until it's finalised. There are a number of issues that are still to be resolved. I hope they can be resolved - that's the expectation."
The two sides have been trying to come to agreement on issues such as the question, or number of questions, and whether to reduce the voting age to 16.
Mr Salmond criticised Scotland Office minister David Mundell for appearing to suggest at the Tory conference on Tuesday that an agreement has been reached on limiting the ballot to a straight Yes/No question.
The First Minister said: "I don't think these pre-emptive leaks are helpful, I think they're a bit silly actually.
"I'm not sure why they were done. Perhaps people get over-enthusiastic in the late night atmosphere of a party conference. I don't know. Nevertheless you shouldn't broadcast that a deal has been done until it's done."
Meanwhile, in his speech at the party conference, Mr Cameron asked: "What could matter more than saving our United Kingdom?"
Mr Cameron told activists in Birmingham the Olympics had highlighted the depth of feeling for the United Kingdom.
He said: "Whether our athletes were English, Scottish, Welsh or from Northern Ireland, they draped themselves in one flag. Now, there's one person who didn't like that and he's called Alex Salmond.
"I'm going to see him on Monday to sort out that referendum on independence by the end of 2014.
"There are many things I want this coalition Government to do but what could matter more than saving our United Kingdom?
"Let's say it: we're better together and we'll rise together - and let us fight that referendum with everything we've got."
The referendum ballot paper is expected to have a single yes or no question on whether Scotland should leave the United Kingdom. It is also expected the agreement will make provisions for 16-year-olds in Scotland to vote in the referendum.
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