Almost 100,000 people were given advice about their drinking last year.
A total of 97,830 brief interventions about alcohol were made, where health professionals raise concerns about someone's drinking, well above the target of 61,081.
Over the last four years 272,040 of these interventions have been made, which aim to make the person think about their drinking and reduce the amount of alcohol they consume.
Every health board in Scotland exceeded its target for alcohol brief interventions (ABIs) in 2011-12.
GPs, doctors in accident and emergency departments, midwives giving antenatal care and other health professionals raise the issue when it is clear a person is drinking more than guidelines suggest and where alcohol may be causing ill health.
Health Secretary Nicola Sturgeon said the number of ABIs indicates "tremendous progress in helping Scots cut down on their drinking".
She said: "Health boards should be encouraged by this news and congratulated for meeting their targets."
Such discussions about alcohol are "evidence-based and cost-effective, preventative intervention that has now helped over 270,000 people in the last four years to think about and cut down their drinking, potentially reducing the requirement for more costly alcohol related treatments later on", she said.
"Early intervention and prevention is just one of our coherent approaches to tackling Scotland's alcohol problems, in which we have invested £196m since 2008.
"Our long-term aim is that brief interventions will become part of routine practice when patients use the NHS, which will help to improve the health of people living in Scotland."
Theresa Fyffe, director of the Royal College of Nursing Scotland, said interventions by a nurse or other health professional are made when it is clear patients may have been drinking too much.
"Any actions we can take to reduce excessive drinking in our society are welcome, particularly given the scale of the problem, with almost 100,000 ABIs taking place in 2011-12," she said.
"Given the economic challenges facing our NHS, the Government and health boards must continue to implement and exceed their ABI targets as one way of tackling Scotland's unhealthy relationship with alcohol."